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The Persistence of Police Killings

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During a six-month span in 2014, 4 separate police killings of African-Americans grabbed the nation’s consideration. Eric Garner died after being put in a chokehold in New York, whereas Michael Brown in Ferguson, Mo.; Laquan McDonald in Chicago; and 12-year-old Tamir Rice in Cleveland have been all shot.

The killings sparked a debate about the way to cut back deaths brought on by the police. In response, extra police departments directed their officers to put on physique cameras. Some launched new coaching packages. Civil-rights activists and politicians started paying extra consideration to the difficulty.

Six years later, nonetheless, there isn’t a signal of significant change, at the very least on the nationwide stage. The variety of police killings has hovered round 1,100 yearly since 2013, in accordance with Mapping Police Violence, a analysis and advocacy group. (A Washington Post database reveals an identical sample.)

Now the topic is again within the highlight.

On Monday night time, a Minneapolis man named George Floyd died after a police officer pressed his knee into Floyd’s neck whereas he lay on the bottom. The case was the newest during which the official police report presented a different story from a cellphone video that later emerged. In the video, Floyd might be heard saying “I can’t breathe” time and again.

Four officers concerned within the arrest were fired yesterday. “Being black in America should not be a death sentence,” Minneapolis’s mayor, Jacob Frey, mentioned. “For five minutes, we watched a white officer press his knee into a black man’s neck. Five minutes.”

[Read more about George Floyd and Derek Chauvin once working together.]

What, if something, would possibly lastly reach lowering police killings? I assumed it could be price sharing just a few ideas from across the nation that I discovered whereas attempting to make sense of the newest case:

  • Samuel Sinyangwe of Campaign Zero, a gaggle fashioned after Brown’s demise: Restrict chokeholds, practice officers to de-escalate conflicts and prohibit them from capturing at shifting automobiles, amongst different steps.

  • A 2019 California law: Change the usual for when an officer can legally use lethal pressure, from one primarily based on a “reasonable belief” of imminent hazard to at least one during which a later assessment finds it “necessary.”

  • Jennifer Cobbina, Michigan State University: Implicit-bias coaching for officers and “frank engagement between law enforcement and the people they serve to address tensions, grievances and misconceptions.”

  • David French, National Review: Acknowledge that “many controversial police shootings are lawful and justifiable” but additionally cease accepting excuses and cover-ups for these that aren’t.

  • Chuck Wexler, Police Executive Research Forum: Train officers to intervene when a colleague “may be on the brink of using excessive force,” as Los Angeles and New Orleans are doing.

An emergency program created by Congress to exchange faculty meals through the coronavirus outbreak has reached solely about 15 % of eligible kids, in accordance with an analysis by The Times. One drawback: Outdated state computer systems.

Other virus developments:


Twitter mentioned yesterday that it would not remove Trump’s tweets spreading a baseless conspiracy concept that the MSNBC host Joe Scarborough killed Lori Klausutis, a former congressional workers member who died in 2001 of a medical situation.

Klausutis’s widower had pleaded with Twitter to take away the posts, writing in a letter, “I’m asking you to intervene in this instance because the president of the United States has taken something that does not belong to him — the memory of my dead wife — and perverted it for perceived political gain.”

A Twitter first: The firm added a fact-checking link yesterday beneath two Trump tweets that made false claims about mail-in ballots.

Senior army officers plan to current Trump with an choice to pull all American troops out of Afghanistan earlier than the November election, at the very least six months forward of schedule. But commanders are anticipated to advise in opposition to that choice, out of concern that it may doom the peace deal reached this yr with the Taliban.

An inner Facebook evaluation discovered that the platform was serving to polarize the nation, however senior executives determined to shelve the evaluation and never take motion, The Wall Street Journal reported. One presentation given to senior executives warned that “if left unchecked,” Facebook would feed customers “more and more divisive content in an effort to gain user attention & increase time on the platform.”

Kevin Roose, a expertise columnist at The Times, explains: “It raises the possibility that these presentations — and others like them — will come to be seen as a smoking gun for Facebook, the way that tobacco and oil companies had known about the hazards of their products years before they publicly admitted it.”

  • The National Hockey League announced a plan to finish its virus-shortened season. The prime 24 groups will compete in a round-robin playoff, probably hosted in empty arenas in two cities.

  • A white lady in New York was fired from her job after a video captured her calling the police on an African-American man in Central Park who requested her to leash her canine, as required.

  • Jimmy Cobb, a jazz drummer who was a part of Miles Davis’s seminal album “Kind of Blue,” died Sunday at 91.

Two NASA astronauts are set to blast off to the International Space Station today. But it will be different from previous launches: This would be the first one run by a non-public firm — SpaceX, based by the entrepreneur Elon Musk. Kenneth Chang, a science reporter, provides some perspective:

Back in 1968, Pan Am began issuing memberships for its “First Moon Flights” membership to house lovers hoping to sometime e-book a industrial flight there. It was a whimsical promotion — the membership card was free — however greater than 93,000 folks signed up. Pan Am is lengthy out of enterprise, and we’re nonetheless a good distance earlier than somebody should buy a ticket to the moon, however the SpaceX launch is the primary actual step towards that dream.

Although NASA has been concerned in working with SpaceX, that is SpaceX’s operation. In the long run, NASA will merely pay the going fee for a ticket to the house station and never be concerned with working its personal house transportation system to low-Earth orbit.

More: The launch, scheduled for 4:33 p.m. Eastern time, will be streaming live on NASA’s website beginning at midday.

Pepperoni rolls, chilly noodles, New England seafood chowder — there are some meals that simply style higher coming from a favourite restaurant.

Four years in the past, Brit Bennett launched her debut novel, “The Mothers,” centered on mates rising up in a small-town black neighborhood in California. Now she returns with the extremely anticipated “The Vanishing Half,” about twin sisters who lead diverging lives, one as a black lady and the opposite passing as white.

“Bennett is a remarkably assured writer who mostly sidesteps the potential for melodrama inherent in a form built upon secrecy and revelation,” Parul Sehgal, a e-book critic for The Times, wrote in a review. “The past laps at the present in short flashbacks, never weighing down the quick current of a story that covers almost 20 years.”

Thanks for spending a part of your morning with The Times. See you tomorrow. — David

P.S. The phrase “ervaringsdeskundige” — Flemish for “experience expert” — appeared for the primary time in The Times yesterday, as famous by the Twitter bot @NYT_first_said.

Today’s episode of “The Daily” is in regards to the risk that the coronavirus is posing to the U.S. Postal Service.

Lauren Leatherby, Ian Prasad Philbrick and Sanam Yar contributed to The Morning. You can attain the group at themorning@nytimes.com.

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