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Monday, July 13, 2020
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Your Wednesday Briefing

The international financial system is expected to contract by 3 percent this year due to financial injury from the coronavirus pandemic — the steepest downturn because the Great Depression of the 1930s, the International Monetary Fund warned on Tuesday.

The grim forecast in its 2020 World Economic Outlook is a unprecedented reversal from January, when the I.M.F. predicted reasonable progress at 3.Three p.c. The revised forecast takes under consideration disrupted provide chains and sustained standstills in industries like tourism.

“The world has been put in a Great Lockdown,” stated Gita Gopinath, the fund’s chief economist. “The magnitude and speed of collapse in activity that has followed is unlike anything experienced in our lifetimes.”

Though it predicted a partial rebound subsequent yr, the fund stated there was nonetheless an opportunity the end result may very well be even worse. This yr’s decline in output, the I.M.F. predicts, can be worse than that of the 2008 recession, when the financial system contracted by lower than 1 p.c, however much less extreme than that of the Great Depression, when output contracted by 10 p.c.

Addressing the nation, Mr. Modi stated the extension, to May 3, would stop a rise in instances. He warned that extra restrictions on this planet’s largest lockdown may observe.

“If you look at it only economically, it has been expensive,” he stated of the lockdown. “But you can’t put a price on the lives of Indians.”

Left unanswered had been questions on how India’s lots of of thousands and thousands of casual employees, migrants caught removed from house and homeless residents would fare over the approaching weeks. Many have been struggling to eat.

Reminder: Though India has a low case rely for its inhabitants — about 10,000 confirmed infections and 339 deaths — consultants fear {that a} speedy transmission may carry chaos. Hospitals lack the assets they want, and densely packed neighborhoods make it exhausting to comprise the virus’s unfold. Testing can be nonetheless not extensively accessible.

Li Wenliang, a health care provider within the Chinese metropolis of Wuhan, died of the coronavirus in February on the age of 34, after going surfing to warn buddies of the unusual and lethal virus rampaging by way of his hospital, solely to be threatened by authorities authorities. Today individuals proceed to collect, just about, at his final publish on Weibo, the Chinese social media platform, to grieve and search solace within the feedback part.

They inform him “good morning” and “good night.” They inform him that spring has arrived and that the cherry blossoms are blooming. They ship him images of fried hen drumsticks, his favourite snack. China’s digital Wailing Wall has become the gentlest place on the nation’s usually combative web, writes our columnist Li Yuan.

U.S. presidential race: Barack Obama endorsed his former vice president, Joe Biden, within the 2020 contest, sooner or later after Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont, Mr. Biden’s final challenger, additionally endorsed him.

Snapshot: Above, a 150-foot-long siphonophore — a colony of cells that clone themselves to supply an prolonged, stringlike physique — noticed off the coast of Western Australia. The organism may very well be the longest marine creature on Earth.

What we’re studying: This ESPN article concerning the advanced household ties between Bruce Buffer, a blended martial arts announcer, and Michael Buffer, a boxing announcer. Taffy Brodesser-Akner, a Times Magazine author, calls it “a great story about two long-lost brothers who had the same calling, which was to call things — honestly, I couldn’t put this down.”

Cook kimchi soup. Use no matter meat you have got readily available, or skip the meat for a vegetarian model.

Listen: There are new tracks from Laura Marling, Twenty One Pilots and Frank Ocean. Our music writers’ “Playlist” walks you thru them.

Cope: Here’s how to cut hair should you’re not a barber. And why, maybe, you must start a coronavirus diary. (Maybe to document all of your weird, unsettling dreams?) You ought to undoubtedly be cooking with condiments, and substituting ingredients as essential.

Here’s our full collection of ideas on what to learn, prepare dinner, watch and do from our new At Home part.

William Broad, a science and well being reporter, just lately wrote about a decade of health disinformation promoted by President Vladimir Putin of Russia. We spoke to him about his article.

How did you grow to be on this story?

Last yr, I wrote about how Mr. Putin and his aides had been doing their finest to scare Americans into considering the brand new cellphone know-how referred to as 5G posed dire health threats. In researching that article, I seen different areas wherein the Kremlin was hypocritically ringing false alarms — particularly on well being points — and began gathering string.

Mr. Putin’s private historical past right here appears fascinating. He appears to have spent a few of his early profession as a Okay.G.B. agent engaged on overseas disinformation campaigns, proper?

Yes, no query. He was a Okay.G.B. officer who rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel and labored in overseas intelligence. American consultants say such officers needed to spend 1 / 4 of their time conceiving and finishing up plans for sowing disinformation. So he’s been at this recreation for a really very long time — one thing on the order of 4 many years.

Some of the public-health conspiracies promoted by Russia appear fairly on the market and don’t appear to have had a giant impact on American public opinion. But what do you suppose have been the largest successes of this effort?

The Kremlin’s anti-vaccine marketing campaign has accomplished a lot to drive Americans away from childhood immunizations, serving to stir a resurgence of measles, a illness as soon as seen as defeated. Last yr, the U.S. had 1,282 new instances, with 61 leading to main issues comparable to pneumonia and encephalitis.

And what are the largest ways in which Putin’s marketing campaign may affect coronavirus misinformation going ahead?

At worst, it appears as if the false info on the coronavirus might assist extend the pandemic and contribute to new instances of incapacitation and loss of life.


That’s it for this briefing. See you subsequent time.

— Melina


Thank you
To Melissa Clark for the recipe, and to Theodore Kim and Jahaan Singh for the remainder of the break from the information. You can attain the staff at briefing@nytimes.com.

P.S.
• We’re listening to “The Daily.” Our newest episode is about an allegation of sexual assault towards Joe Biden.
• Here’s our Mini Crossword, and a clue: Make snort (5 letters). You can find all our puzzles here.
• The editors of our book review wrote a letter to these whose livelihoods depend upon books: “Our hearts go out to the debut authors of the season, many of whom spent years, perhaps a lifetime, waiting for the dream moment when their first book would make its way into the world.”

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